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John Wright of Waqua Creek, Brunswick Co., Va., 1762-1792
Posted by: Lucius Wright (ID *****4236) Date: August 20, 2004 at 19:57:26
  of 24550

This represents my current summary of the family of John Wright of Brunswick Co., Va., who disappears about 1795. He is possibly a brother to 1783 (year of death) Robert Wright of Brunswick Co., Va., (place of death) and his known brother 1784 Uriah Wright of Brunswick Co., Va., and is probably related to William Wright (Stanhope). As noted, this John Wright was also known as John Wright (Taylor).

John Wright of Waqua Creek, Brunswick Co., Virginia
On 26 October 1772 John Batten Dobyns wrote his last will and testament, a document witnessed by signature of John Wright, the mark of Mary Wright, and Richard Littlepage.[1] This will, proved on 22 March 1773 describes two parcels of land left to his sons: a tract of 100 acres described as adjacent Matthews, Martin, and Williams, and a 100 acre tract described as adjacent Stith and Atkinson.        
On 15 June 1778 John Wright bought 101 acres from Jonathan Williams and his wife Elizabeth. The indenture was witnessed by Robert Wright, Robert Kennedy, and Henry Martin.[2] The land was described as “adjoining the land of John Williams, Ch. Withers and William Townsend…” Robert Wright can be shown to be 1783 Robert Wright of Brunswick Co., Virginia, who also bought land on Waqua Creek in the northern half of Brunswick Co., Virginia.
On 11 June 1785 William Briggs and Elizabeth his wife sold to John Haskins 180 acres of land “on the South side of Waqua Creek bounded by “…John Haskins South to the Great Branch as it meanders to the said creek.”[3] This indenture was witnessed by John Green, Randolph Rhodes, Millie Patlow, and William Wright.
On 28 December 1785 Richard Ramsey and Amy Ramsey, his wife sold to Thomas Hailey 100 acres of land bounded by Roger Atkinson, Moses Dobbins, and Richard Littlepage.[4] This indenture was witnessed by John Wright, William Stanhope Wright, and Martha Hailey, and proved by them in court 25 September 1786.
On 7 April 1786 Robert Daniel sold to John Gilliam 140 acres of land adjacent to Gilliam’s own land and “to a gum in the licking branch thence along the said branch to Reuben Wright’s corner red oak…to Edmund’s line….”[5] The land was described as part of tract previously owned by Thomas Daniel, deceased. This indenture was witnessed by John Flood Edmunds, Hincha Gilliam, and Robert Kenneday.
On 17 April 1788, John Potts and Susanna, his wife sold to John Gilliam 100 acres “the whole of the widows dower [of] Susanna Potts” “on the south side of Waqua Creek,” which apparently lay adjacent to John Gilliam’s land.[6] This indenture was witnessed by John Wright and Hincha Gilliam, and was proved in court 28 July 1788 by oath of John Wright and Richard Bagwell, and apparently a written deposition by Hincha Gilliam.
On 1 March 1791, John “Right” and his wife Mary “Right” sold to John Gilliam a tract of land £22 10s. “current money of Virginia” “containing 100 acres more or less, and bounded as follows: to Wit: Beginning at _____ pine thence by his line south one hundred seventy four poles to his corner on Gilliam’s line, thence by his line north 60 degrees west one hundred and seventy eight poles to a “whight” oak thence north fifty three degrees east two hundred and thirty poles to the beginning….” The indenture was signed by John Wright, while Mary “Right” made her mark “+”. The deed was witnessed by Robert “+ his mark” Daniel, William Roberts, and Hincha Gilliam.[7]
The Brunswick County Tax Lists show John Wright in the upper district in 1782 with one tithable and four white males under 16. In 1784, he appears as John Wright and John Wright, under 21.[8] In 1785, the notation is made for John Wright (Taylor) and John Wright, under 21,[9] apparently to distinguish him from John Wright with one white and one black male, who appear on the same list with James Wright.[10] The latter John Wright must have died in 1785, for the list for 1786 shows John Wright, under age, living in the household of Thomas Washington, along with James Wright and two sons, James and David.[11]
John Wright and John Wright appear together on the lists through 1788. In 1789, John Wright (tailor) appears with two polls, but the latter are not named,[12] and again in 1790.[13] The John Wright who has been present in association with Reuben Wright is not present in 1791 or thereafter, which is consistent with the deed of sale noted above.[14]
On August 28, 1787, John Wright was in suit against John Allen. Listed as witnesses for John Wright were Robert Hailey and John Wright. Robert Wright appeared as a witness for John Allen.[15] March 24, 1788 John Wright was in suit against John Allen and John Ingram, and a reply bond was posted.[16]
Purchasers at the estate sale of George Walker in 1795 include John Wright, Taylor Wright, and William Wright.[17]
From these data, I have concluded that John Wright had a son, named John Wright who was born about 1764, (also named John), which suggests a birth year for the father of about 1735. The tax lists also imply at least two more sons, whose names are not shown. The notation for "Taylor Wright" in 1795 suggests that John Wright (Taylor) was still alive, although not in Brunswick Co., Virginia. Since I am not able to demonstrate either a date or place of death, I have referred to him as John Wright of Waqua Creek.
John Wright appears in the household of Augustine Wright of Mecklenburg Co., Va., in 1793 and 1794 and then disappears.[18] The next time a John Wright appears in the county is in 1797.[19] The same John Wright appears in 1798, this time with one slave, named Chancey, and John Wright, son of Reuben also appears.[20] In 1799 there are three men named John Wright listed, two with slaves.[21] In 1800 only two men are listed: John (Fox) Wright and John Wright.[22] The same is true in 1801.[23] In 1802, on the other hand, we are back to three men: John (Fox) Wright, John Wright (son of Austin), and John Wright.[24] Finally, in 1803, the three men are all given identifiers: John (Fox) Wright, John Wright (son of Austin), and John Wright (son of Reuben.)[25] In 1804, John (Fox) Wright and John Wright (son of Austin,) appear,[26] but in 1805 all three men are again listed on the tax rolls, again with their separate identifiers.[27] John Wright (son of Austin) does not again appear on the tax rolls,[28] but John (Fox) Wright and John Wright, (son of Reuben) are still so listed in 1806.[29] In 1807 John (Fox) Wright is listed alone, and has three slaves, compared to none the year before.[30] The tax was not collected in 1808, and in 1809 John (Fox) Wright was present with no slaves and John Wright was present with one slave.[31] As previously noted, in 1810 the lists showed John Wright and John Wright (son of Reuben.) The 1811 list showed John Wright and John Wright, (son of Reuben.).[32] The former, who is almost surely John (Fox) Wright from the company he keeps on the rolls, has no slaves, while the latter, has at least one in every list. After 1811, all of the entries are for a single John Wright, who is clearly 1820 John Wright of Mecklenburg Co., Va., son of 1819 Reuben Wright of Mecklenburg Co., Va.[33] It is worth, noting, though, that he is not present in every tax year, and it is probable that his land was right on the North Carolina border, so some years he may have claimed residence in Warren Co., N. C. I have not examined the tax records with this idea in mind, as the main fact established by the tax lists is that the John Wright who left the Mecklenburg Co., Virginia tax rolls after 1811 is the man identified as John (Fox) Wright.
John Wright witnessed the will of Mary Fox, widow of 1783 William Fox of Mecklenburg Co., Va., on 9 October 1795.[34] On 3 October 1797 John Wright secured a bond to marry Sarah Fox with William Taylor (Speeds) as his bondsman. Written consent was obtained from Richard Fox.[35]
On March 10, 1806, Edward Davis brought suit against John Wright, Richard Fox, and Lewis Wright in fiere facias and obtained a judgment in the amount of £67.7.3.[36] The same day the case of Edward Delony against John Wright (Fox) was heard, and a judgment against John Wright for non-performance of the assumption was levied for £7.6 plus costs.[37]
On May 12, 1806 William Wright was granted a judgment against Grief Harwell as executor of John Davis, deceased, for £77.7.1.[38] The next day Grief Harwell, acting as executor of John Davis, deceased, had his case against John Wright and Richard Fox for debt heard and obtained a judgment of £13 Virginia money, the debt to be satisfied by the payment of £6.10 plus costs, and 6% interest from 16 November 1803.[39] The same day Grief Harwell was ordered to pay Richard Fox $3.18 for six days as a witness in his suit against William Wright.[40] Ebenezer McGowan, as assignee of John Wright was awarded £40.2 in a suit against Richard Fox and Walter Pennington.[41]
On September 8, 1806, Richard Fox and Jacob Bugg were security in the amount of $5000 for John Wright’s application for letters of administration for the estate of Roderick Wright. Smith Collier, Daniel Taylor, Elijah Rideout and Stephen Mabry were appointed to appraise the estate.[42]
I have found no record of John Wright (Fox) after 1811 in Mecklenburg Co., Va. I have argued elsewhere that he is the same John Wright who died in Clarke Co., Ga., before 22 October 1832, leaving a widow, Lucy Garland (Andrew) Wright, and three sons, 1865 Richard W. Wright of Decatur Co., Ga., 1890 Isham B. Wright of Putnam Co., Ga., and 1859 John Andrew Wright of Drew Co., Ark., as well as three daughters, 1855 Puritha (Wright) Bass of Putnam Co., Ga., Frances Wright and Polly Wright, not yet further identified.
The records suggest that John Wright (Fox) had at least two brothers, 1806 Roderick Wright of Mecklenburg Co., Va., and Lewis Wright. There are no deed records or will records in Mecklenburg Co., Va., which shed light on the relationships of these three men. However, both Roderick Wright and Lewis Wright did leave marriage bonds. Roderick Wright married Martha Cleaton September 24, 1795 with Thomas Cleaton, Jr., as bondsman. The ceremony was performed by John Loyd, Methodist minister.[43] Roderick Wright also served as bondsman for the marriage of David Wright of Lunenburg Co., Va., and Nancy Wright on December 28, 1797 Mecklenburg Co., Va.[44]
Lewis Wright appears on the tax list of Brunswick Co., Va., in 1794,[45] and in the lower district of Mecklenburg Co., Va., in 1804, 1806, and 1809. [46] Lewis Wright married Fanny Dortch December 12, 1806 in Warren Co., N. C.[47]
Lewis Wright appeared on the 1813 tax list (and subsequently) in Putnam Co., Ga., often in the same company as Richard W. Fox and Abner Ragland.[48] In the 1820 Census, he is in Captain Matthew Leggett's company (along with Abner Ragland). His age is greater than 45, with his wife greater than 45 and eight sons and no daughters.
On March 7, 1820 Lewis Wright had recorded a sorrel mare appraised by Jones and Harry Kendrick for $50 "tolled" by Alford Clopton, J. P. on September 25, 1819. On the same day in 1820, "Merida" (Meredith) Kendrick said he possessed "three notes on Lewis Wright for $305." It was also noted that on the 1st Tuesday of April, 1820, 81 acres of land "on which Lewis Wright now lives, was seized by the Sheriff to be sold to satisfy a writ of fiere facias obtained by Avera Buckner.
The Last Will and Testament of Martha Kendrick[49]
Georgia ) I Martha Kendrick in perfect mind and memory in the
Putnam County) presence of Almighty God do make this my last will and testament. I do give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Betty A. Kendrick my bay mare.
I give and bequeath unto my four grandchildren, John W. Carter, William B. Carter, Walton T. Carter, and Robert M. Carter fifty dollars in cash to be equally divided between them. I bequeath unto my son-in-law Lewis Wright five dollars in cash.
I do further give and bequeath my real and personal Estate and all debt due me at this ___ after paying all my just debts the balance of my property to be equally divided into five equal parts (as follows:)
I do give and bequeath unto my four grandchildren, John W. Carter, William B. Carter, Walton J. Carter, and Robert M. Carter one fifth of my estate to by Equally divided between them.
I do given and bequeath the balance of my Estate unto John Monk, Meredith Kendrick, Priscilla Goode and Betty A. Kendrick to be equally divided between them.
And do further nominate and appoint John Monk and Meredith Kendrick my lawful executors. This 6th day of March 1822.
Signed in the presence of Martha (x) Kendrick
Harvey Kendrick
Richard Wright
Silas Monk.
Georgia ) The within will was duly proven in open court by Harvey
Putnam Co.) Kendrick and Richard Wright subscribing witnesses to the same this 6th day of May 1822. Coleman Pendleton, C. C. A.
Martha Kendrick's husband was a cousin of Mary (Kendrick) Fox, whose 1795 will was witnessed by John Wright (Fox) in Mecklenburg Co., Va., as discussed above. Unfortunately, there were two men named Richard Wright in Putnam Co., Ga. at this time: 1865 Richard W. Wright of Decatur Co., Ga., and Richard J. Wright (see under his entry.) Thus, the appearance of Lewis Wright and Richard Wright in the will of Martha Kendrick is not proof of a close relationship, but is consistent with the notion that Lewis Wright was an uncle to Richard W. Wright.
Lewis Wright served as security on the apprenticeship of George W. Crowder to Richard W. Fox in 1823. Alexander Crowder fled his apprenticeship and a notice appeared in the Putnam Co., Journal in 1824.
Eloped from the subscriber on the 4th of January last, a boy by the name of Alexander Crowder about 14 years of age. He is of dark complexion, stammers in his speech…It is supposed he was sent away from my employ by Briggs Allums to his mother who was secreted in the neighborhood and carried away by her into Henry County. I will give $5 reward to any person that will bring the said boy to me in Putnam County.[50]
Alexander Crowder was an orphan of George Crowder and Sally Wright, who married in Mecklenburg Co., Va., October 28, 1803. George Crowder is presumed to have died in Virginia, for he does not appear in the Putnam Co., Ga. records. It appears that Sarah (Wright) Crowder married a Mr. Millirons (Millians). Interestingly, Lot 25 in the 6th district, Henry Co., Ga., was sold by Sion Lassiter Hill to Edward Allums, in a deed witnessed by Richard Fox, and then sold by him to his brother, Briggs Allums.
Briggs Allums sold to Sarah Millirons, both of the said Co. (Henry) on Sept. 22, 1827 for the sum of $200, Lot 25, District 6, 202½ acres of land lying on the waters of Cotton River, and this land to Sarah during her lifetime, then to her children: Briggs Allums, George, Alexander, Christopher, Nancy, James, and Leonard. Wit: A. Doss and Wm. P. Newell. Recorded Dec. 12, 1833.[51]
1. JOHN2 WRIGHT was born about 1735 and died after 1795. He married MARY (TAYLOR?).
Children of John Wright and Mary are:
i. JOHN3 (JOHN2) WRIGHT was born about 1764 in Brunswick Co., Virginia, and died before October 22, 1832 in Clarke Co., Georgia. He married (1) SARAH5 FOX October 27, 1797 in Mecklenburg Co., Va., daughter of RICHARD4 FOX and MARY (DAVIS) RAINEY. She was born about 1776 in Mecklenburg Co., Virginia and died about 1812 in Mecklenburg Co., Virginia. (?) He married (2) PAMELIA BRANTLEY December 17, 1812 in Warren Co., N. C. He married (3) LUCY GARLAND5 ANDREW May 10, 1830 in Clarke Co., Ga., daughter of JOHN4 ANDREW and MARY OVERTON6 COSBY. She was born August 25, 1799 in Elbert Co., Ga., and died 1865 in Georgia.
See 1832 John Wright of Clarke Co., Ga.
ii. RODERICK3 (JOHN2) WRIGHT was born about 1770 Brunswick Co., Va.,; d. before September 8, 1806 Mecklenburg Co., Va.; m. MARTHA CLEATON September 24, 1795 Mecklenburg Co., Va.
iii. LEWIS3 (JOHN2) WRIGHT was born about 1773 Brunswick Co., Va.; d. after 1824 Putnam Co., Ga.; m. (1) FANNY DORTCH December 12., 1806 Warren Co., N. C.; m. (2) MARY KENDRICK about 1818 Putnam Co., Ga., daughter of JOHN4 KENDRICK and MARTHA MONTGOMERY. She was born about 1789 and died Putnam Co., Ga., after 1844.
a. BENJAMIN HARVEY WRIGHT, b. 7 February 1819, Putnam Co., Ga.; d. 28 April 1903 Newnan, Coweta Co., Ga.; m. EMILY EUBANKS TOMPKINS 22 November 1846 Heard Co., Ga., daughter of NICHOLAS TOMPKINS and KATHERINE GRIFFIN LEVERETT.[52]
iv. NANCY3 (JOHN2) WRIGHT was born about 1777 Brunswick Co., Va.; m. DAVID WRIGHT December 29, 1797 Brunswick Co., Va.
v. SARAH3 (JOHN2) WRIGHT was born about 1783 Brunswick Co., Va.; d. Henry Co., Ga.; m. (1) GEORGE CROWDER October 28, 1803 Mecklenburg Co., Va.; m. (2) ___ MILLIANS about 1825 Henry Co., Ga.

[1] Brunswick Co., Va., Will Book 4:160. Cited in Bradley, Stephen E. Brunswick County, Virginia Will Books, Vol. 2, 1761-1780. (Lawrenceville, VA, 1997,) pp. 27-28.
[2] Brunswick Co., Va., Deed Book 13:351.
[3] Brunswick Co., Va., Deed Book 14:126. Proved 22 August 1785.
[4] Brunswick Co., Va., Deed Book 14, 223.
[5] Brunswick Co., Va., Deed Book 14, 232. Proved 23 October 1786.
[6] Brunswick Co., Va., Deed Book 14:381.
[7] Brunswick Co., Va., Deed Book 15:180, proved 27 Feb 1792.
[8] Brunswick Co., Va. Tax List, Upper District, 1784, p. 8.
[9] Brunswick Co., Va. Tax List, Upper District. 1785, p. 31.
[10] Brunswick Co., Va. Tax List, Upper District, 1785, p. 61.
[11] Brunswick Co., Va. Tax List, Upper District. 1786, p. 15. This is probably 1810 John Wright of Brunswick Co., Va.
[12] Brunswick Co., Va. Tax List, Upper District, 1789, p. 32.
[13] Brunswick Co., Va. Tax List, Upper District, 1790, p. 31.
[14] In 1787 John Wright sued Reuben Wright for unstated reasons. The case was dismissed by agreement. [Brunswick Co., Va., Court Order Book 14:473]
[15] Brunswick Co., Va., Court Order Book 14:567
[16] Brunswick Co., Va., Court Order Book 14:620
[17] Brunswick Co., Va., Will Book 5:626. Cited in Bradley, Stephen E. Brunswick County, Virginia Will Books, Vol. 3, (1780-1795.) (Lawrenceville, Va., 1997.) pp. 90-91.
[18] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1792 Tax List "A", p. 29 (lists were reversed in some years. Job Wright is in the "B" list this year. Job remains on the list by himself for the remainder of the time of interest, and served to keep the regions separate for me. Job lived in the "Upper" district, while all the other Wrights lived in the "Lower" District.)
[19] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1797 Tax List "B", p. 39. Augustine Wright and Reuben Wright are on p. 41. Since I think this is "our" John Wright, I note that he paid one poll and tax on one horse.
[20] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1798 Tax List "A", p. 49; "Lower District."
[21] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1799 Tax List "B", pp. 64, 67, and 68.
[22] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1800 Tax List "A", p. 24; "Lower District." John (Fox) Wright's slave is named Eady H.
[23] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1801 Tax List "B", p. 42.
[24] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1802 Tax List "B", pp. 39, 40, and 41.
[25] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1803 Tax List "A", pp. 46, 48.
[26] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1804 Tax List "B", pp. 49, 52.
[27] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1805 Tax List "A", pp. 52, 53, 54 "Lower District."
[28] John Wright, son of Austin, signed an indenture to repay a debt owed to William Baskerville with money obtained by the sale of property to Noah Dortch and James Whitlow, Jr., dated July 11, 1803. (Mecklenburg Co., Va., DB 11:449.)
[29] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1806 Tax List "B", pp. 45, and 46.
[30] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1807 Tax List "B", p. 40.
[31] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1809 Tax List "B", pp. 45, 46.
[32] Mecklenburg Co., Va., 1811 Tax List "B", pp. 33,35.
[33] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Will Book 9:135-136.
[34] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Will Book 3:311-312.
[35] The following document is contained in the loose marriage bonds of Mecklenburg Co., Va., maintained at the Library of Virginia. John Wright, William Taylor (Speed), and Richard Fox all signed their names to this bond.
Know all men by these presents that we John Wright and Wm. Taylor (Speed), are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency James Wood, Esq., Governor or Chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the just sum on one hundred and fifty dollars to the which payment well and truly to be made to the said Governor and his successors for the use of the Commonwealth, we bind our and each of our heirs, excrs., & admors. jointly and severally firmly byt these presents sealed with our seals and dated this 3rd day of Oct. 1797.
The Condition of the above obligation is such that if there be no lawful cause to obstruct a marriage intended to be heard (?) and solemnized between the above bound John Wright and Sarah Fox then the above obligation to be void else to remain in full force and virtue.
John Wright
Sealed and Delivered Wm. Taylor (Speed)
In presence of
E. Baskerville
Please grant the Bearer John Wright a Matrimonial License to Marry My Daughter Sarah Fox, as witness my hand, this 3rd day Oct. 1797
Wm. Taylor (Speed) Richard Fox
Myles Lunsford
Mary Lunsford
[36] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:102.
[37] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:103.
[38] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:175.
[39] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:185.
[40] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:186.
[41] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:191.
[42] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Court Order Book 13:303.
[43] Elliott, Katherine B. Marriage Records 1765-1810, Mecklenburg Co., Va. (Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1984,) p. 135
[44] Ibid.
[45] Brunswick Co., Va., Tax List A:29. He appears with one tithable and one horse.
[46] Mecklenburg Co., Va., Tax List B:50 (1804); B:47 (1806); and B:46.
[47] Marriage records located on
[48] Lewis Wright's brother, John, was married to Richard W. Fox's sister, as was Abner Ragland.
[49] Putnam Co., Ga., Will Book B:2.
[50] Georgia Journal, Vol. 3 (1809-1840). Cited by Marialis Hamlett, personal communication 8 March 2004. She also reports that Briggs Allum had married Martha Crowder, Alexander Crowder's sister.
[51] Data provided by Marialis Hamlett, personal communication 11 March 2004.
[52] Nicholas and Katherine (Leverett) Tompkins eldest daughter, Mariah Ann Tompkins was b. 5 Jan 1819 Putnam Co., Ga., d. 17 June 1898 Coweta Co., Ga., and m. Lucius Horace Featherston 27 Dec 1836 Putnam Co., Ga. Their daughter Mary Emma Featherston, b. 10 Feb 1856 Heard Co., Ga., d. 25 Feb 1945 Newnan, Coweta Co., Ga., m. Henry Summerfield Wright 28 November 1882, Newnan, Coweta Co., Ga., son of John Andrew Wright and Thyrza Frances Fleming, and grandson of 1832 John Wright of Clarke Co., Ga.

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